Laser assisted Periodontal Therapy is a laser based technique for the treatment of periodontal disease. A no of patients suffering from periodontal disease may not need open flap surgery especially in early stages. Thus the mortal fear and apprehension of surgery in such cases can be totally avoided .Even in advanced cases where open flap surgery is to be performed, lasers are of immense help in removing the granulation and infected necrotic tissue from teeth surfaces, surrounding bone and gum tissue while at the same time controlling the bleeding and sterilizing the surgical field.
How does it work?
Tartar, associated with inflamed and bleeding gums, is removed form the root surface of the tooth using an ultrasonic scalar and small instruments. Then, a small amount of light energy from the laser machine is directed through a fine fiber, which is gently placed between the gum and tooth. This laser light energy removes the diseased tissue and aids in reducing the bacteria associated with the disease. After the area is thoroughly cleaned, the body can heal the area naturally.
Benefits of Laser Periodontal Therapy
One of the reasons for the continued rise and growth of laser periodontal therapy is due to the wide array of benefits that can be derived from it. Plus, many recommend this particular treatment method due to the comparatively non-invasive approach when compared to conventional periodontal surgery.
No Cutting and Stitching: In early cases of periodontal disease open flap surgery can be avoided thus there isn’t any cutting and stitching.
Less Invasive, Minimal Bleeding and pain: Patients are more comfortable following laser gum therapy when compared to traditional flap surgery. Overall, laser gum therapy is less invasive than cut and stitch gum surgery. An added benefit of the laser is its ability to seal blood vessels and nerve endings. Therefore, patients while undergoing laser gum surgery have minimal or no bleeding and post operatively suffer from minimal or no pain thus reducing the need for pain killers.
Preserves Gum Tissue Instead of Cutting It Away: Laser periodontal therapy conserves tissue instead of cutting it away. The laser machine has a thin fibre which is inserted beneath the gum line. The laser energy specifically removes the diseased lining of the periodontal pocket. Underlying connective tissue beside the tooth is left largely intact. Prevention of significant gingival recession occurs because the supporting tissue of the gum line is not targeted by the laser. This approach is unlike traditional periodontal flap surgery. The aim of traditional periodontal flap surgery is to remove a certain amount of tissue which resides adjacent to the tooth.
Reduces Root Exposure and Sensitivity: When the Laser is used, it is anticipated that the gum line will remain close to the original position. Therefore, root exposure and the sensitivity which can accompany it is not often reported, in contrast to traditional periodontal surgery.
Some of the disadvantages of conventional periodontal surgery are;
- Altered appearance of the tooth and gum.
- Food getting caught between and around teeth.
- Increased incidence of cavity formation on the roots of the teeth.
- Sensitivity to hot, cold, sweets and acidic foods. Luckily, most of the time, the sensitivity usually goes away after about 6 weeks.
Reduces Infection: The laser energy from the Laser is able to kill the bacteria associated with periodontal disease. There is no other way or technique or drug that can kill 100% of the bacteria.
Reasonable Expense: If you compare the expense for traditional periodontal flap surgery vs. laser periodontal therapy, you will find the cost to be almost equal.
The Most Important Benefit of All: The most important benefit of all is the reduction of fear in patients regarding the dental procedure and the expense. Lack of anxiety helps people accept the treatment needed to get their gum disease under control. Hence people are more likely to say yes to this modern approach to gain their health back.